Activities

"Workshop on Drudgery Assessment of Farm Women held at KVK Allahabad
from 26 -30 August 2019"

A brief report on the National Workshop cum Training on Drudgery Assessment

The National Workshop cum Training on Drudgery Assessment jointly organised by SHUATS, Allahabad and ICAR ATARI, Kanpur was held from the 26th August 2019 to 30th August 2019 at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) Training Hall, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj.

The sole aim of the workshop was to train the Home Scientists of KVKs in how to calculate drudgery and what are the qualitative and qualitative methods of drudgery assessment. In the five days workshop 18 Technical Sessions had been conducted by various eminent speakers of respective fields, in which complete knowledge on drudgery and its assessment was imparted.

(Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro Vice Chancellor Planning Monitoring and Development”enlightened the delegates on the simple ergonomic and its principal which will enhance work efficiency in day to day life)

(Group of Inaugural Function)

(Delegates at inaugural function)

The following is a brief report on the National Workshop cum Training on Drudgery Assessment from the past five days.


Inaugural Function: (Inaugural Function Programme enclosed)

The Chief Guest of the Inaugural Function was Prof. Dr. Arif A. Broadway, Director Extension. Dr. C.R Mehta, PC, CIAE, Bhopal presided as the guest of honour. The other dignitaries present were Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro Vice Chancellor, Planning Monitoring and Development, Prof. Brown from Japan, Prof. Ranu Prasad, Dean, Home Science, Prof. Shailesh Marker, Director Research, Dr. Sadhana Pandey, Principle Scientist ATARI Kanpur, Dr. S.D. MeCarty, Head Sr. Scientist, KVK, Prof. Sheen C. Moses, Dept. Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Dr. Rana Nooralam, Research Engineer, AICRP on Farm Implements and Machinery, Dept. of Agriculture Engineering. Dr. Robin L. Prasad, Registrar visited the workshop and share his views among the participate about drudgery.

(Prof. Arif. A . Broadway, Director Extension Addressing the Scientist in Inaugural functions)

(Prof. Dr. Shailesh Marker Addressing the Scientist in Inaugural functions)

Technical Sessions : (Workshop/Training Module enclosed)
Every day sessions were started with a word of prayer by Mr. Ajay Kumar, Scientist, Extension KVK.



Day First -26 August 2019

Technical Session 1

“Ergonomics in Day to day Life” was covered by Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro V.C Planning, Monitoring& Development. He enlightened the delegates on the simple ergonomics and its principles which will enhance work efficiency in our day to day life.

(Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro V.C Planning, Monitoring & Development.enlightened the delegates on simple ergonomics and its principles which will enhance work efficiency in our day to day life)



Technical Session 2

“Rural Women Friendly drudgery reducing technologies” was conducted by Prof. Dr. C.R Mehta PC, CIAE, Bhopal. He gave a pictorial demonstration on various women friendly drudgery reducing technologies which are developed by CIAE, Bhopal which were ergonomic, cost effective and women friendly.

(Prof. Dr. C R Mehta PC,CIAE, Bhopal. enlightened the delegates on Pictorial demonstration on various women friendly drudgery reducing technologies)



Technical Session 3

The third technical session was on “Drudgery prone activities in Home, Farm and Allied Field activities” by Dr. Mrs. Razia Parvez, Head Dpt. of FRMCS in which she highlighted the household activities which were categorized under Home, Farm and Allied Field activities which are most drudgery prone activities and their reasons of being drudgery prone.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “Calculating cost of work “)


Technical Session 4

The fourth technical session was on “Equipments used for Workload Assessment” was also conducted by Dr. Mrs. Razia Parvez, Head Dept. of FRMCS. All the Drudgery Assessment Equipments were displayed and their function and practical use was explained. The delegates had a hands on experience by using the practical instruments.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “ taking anthropometric Measurement to Design any work station tools equipments and Machinery“)


Day Second- 27 August 2019

Technical Session 5

The keynote speaker Prof. Dr. C.R Mehta PC, CIAE, Bhopal spoke on “The Assessment of Cardiovascular Physiological Workload’’. He explained various methods of measuring energy expenditure and also highlighted research results conducted in CIAE Bhopal on assessment of drudgery of farm women on various drudgery prone farm activities.


Technical Session 6

The speaker for the session was Dr. Rekha Verma Asst.Prof. Dept. of FRMCS, SHUATS. She spoke on measuring of Physical Fitness by various methods such as stepping Ergometer, BMI, and grip strength. Also highlighted the importance and significance of physical fitness in the activity analysis.

(Dr. Rekha Verma Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “measuring of Physical Fitness by various methods “)


Technical Session 7

The session was conducted by Dr. Razia Parvez , Head,Dept. of FRMCS. She spoke upon “Recording of Heart Rate, Calculating energy expenditure”. It was explained practically how to measure the heart rate, cardiovascular physiological work load of a women after performing anactivity.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “Recording of Heart Rate, Calculating energy expenditure “)</p>

Technical Session 8

The technical session 8 was on “Calculating Physiological cost of work” Dr Razia Parvez explained the various related concepts and terminologies of drudgery assessment and various derivative formulas to calculate the Cardiac Cost of Work (CCW), Cardiac Cost of Recovery ( CCR) and Total Cardiac Cost of Work( TCCW) practically by using various energy assessment instruments. All the participants calculated the Total Cardiac Cost of Work/ Physiological work load of an activity.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “Calculate the Cardiac Cost of Work (CCW”)


Day Third -28 August 2019

Technical Session 9

Prof. Sheen Moses, Dept. of Farm machinery and Power Engineering lead the session on “Small and Medium Farm and Implements for Drudgery Reduction” in Vaugh Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Technology (VIAET). Prof. Dr. Sheen Moses focused on drudgery, reasons of drudgery in Agriculture, types of health hazards faced by farm women. He demonstrated small and medium implements developed by FMPE, SHUATS such as Hybrid Pedal operated Paddy thresher cum winnower, Rotary Maize Sheller.

(Prof. (Dr.) Sheen C Moses Dept of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering enlightened the delegates on “small and medium Farm Implements for Drudgery Reduction”)

(Prof. (Dr.) Sheen C Moses Dept of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering enlightened the delegates on “ Amla Pricking machine for Drudgery Reduction”)

(Prof. (Dr.) Sheen C Moses Dept of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering enlightened the delegates on“ Farm implements developed by SHUATS

(Participant with (Prof. (Dr.) Sheen C Moses at Dept of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering)



Technical Session 10

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on “Anthropometry and Anthropometric Measurements” in which she imparted knowledge on anthropometry and relative concepts and terminologies. She also depicted pictorially anthropometrically land marks of front view and side view of whole body,head and face, pelvis of male and female. She also explained static and dynamic measurements , use of anthropometry for design application, statistical application of anthropometric data. Followed by a practical demonstration on taking various body measurements by using various instruments like Anthropometer, Stature meter and Integrated Anthropometer.

(Anthropometric measurements on Integrated Anthropometer)


Technical session 11

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on “Postures at Work, Postural Discomfort and Muscular Stress”. She explained sitting, standing , banding postures guidelines to adopt correct posture, causes an effect on poor postures. To assess the postural discomfort the parameters such as intensity of pain in different body parts , frequency of postural change, angle of deviation of back from the normal curve and grip fatigue was explained.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “Postures at Work, Postural Discomfort and Muscular Stress)


Technical Session 12

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on Practical on “Assessment of Postural Discomfort and Angle of Deviation from the Normal Curve”. involved practical demonstration on measuring various angles of body while work. The use of Flexi curve was demonstrated in measuring the shape/ curve of spine before work and after work. The postural discomfort in various parts of the dody was measured with the help of body map. And intensity of painin various prts of body parts was indicated with the help of coloured sketch pens. All the participants practiced on how to to calculate angle of deviation from the normal curve.




Day Forth - 29 August 2019

Technical Sessions 13

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on “Grip Strength and Grip Fatigue”. She explained about the complete procedure of using Grip Dynamometer and measure the Strength of Muscles at work and the strength of muscles at rest. It was measured before and after the work of both right and left hands.

(Dr.Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “ Measurement of body fat “)


Technical Sessions 14

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on “Calculating grip fatigue” The hands on practical learning experience on Measurement of Grip Fatigue of right and left hand.The grip fatigue was measured by putting the values in to the formula. All the participants measured the grip fatigue and practiced it again and again.


Technical Sessions 15

Dr. Razia Parvez, Head,Dept. of FRMCS, conducted session on ‘Practical on Measurement of various Angles of the Body’. The session again taught the delegates the use of tools and formulas needed to measure angle of deviation from normal position during work. In this session all the delegates practiced once again on measurement of various angles at work.

(Dr. Razia Parvez, Head Dept of FRMCS enlightened the delegates on “Practical on Measurement of various Angles of the)


Technical Session - 16

Dr. Satyendra Nath, Asst. Prof, Department of Environmental Science and Natural Resource Management, College of Forestry, SHUATS conducted the Technical session on “Environmental Conditions at Work”. He emphasized on the environmental factors influencing the work environment namely Temprature, Air quality, Water quality, Light intensity, Relative humidity and Noise intensity. He also highlighted upon the various instruments by which these factors are measured and various scales used in pollutant determination caused by pollution in the Indian context.

( Dr.Satendre Nath Asst Prof, Dept. of Environmental sciences and Natural Resource Management,enlightened the delegates on “Environmental Condition at Work” )




Day Fifth- 30August 2019

Technical Session 17

Dr. Nisha Chacko, Assistant Professor, Dept. of FRMCSconducted the session on “Qualitative Methods of Drudgery Assessment”. She explained about the ergonomic risk assessment, Work Hazards and related Musculo-Skeletal Disoders( MSDs), Methods of qualitative and quantitative assessments and various tools for qualitative and quantitative assessments.

(Dr. Nisha Chacko, Assistant Professor, Dept. of FRMCS, enlightened the delegates on “Qualitative Methods of Drudgery Assessment”)


Technical Session 18

Dr. Nisha Chacko, Assistant Professor, Dept. of FRMCSconducted the session on “Drudgery Assessment by Standardized Techniques”in which she explained Rapid Entire Body Assessment ( REBA) and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment ( RULA) she also hilighlighted upon the strain index, checlisats, Material Machine Handling and OSHA Energy Cost Calculator, she explained the assessment of stress by various scores by the scoring sheets. Everyone did it practically.


Velidictory Function (Valedictory Function Programme enclosed)

Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro Vice Chancellor, Planning Monitoring and Development,was the chief guest for the valedictory function. Prof. Dr. Ranu Prasad Dean Ethelind College of Home Science precided as guest. The function was started with the word of prayer lead by Brothewr Lal Chun Ganka Assistant Chapline. Chief guest and other dignitaries were welcomed with the bouquets of flowers and mementoes were presented to the Chief guest and other invited dignitaries. A brief report of Five Days Workshop along with the recommendations was presented by Dr. Razia Parvez Organizing Secretary the backbone of the entire workshop.gave vote of thanks on this memorable occasion. All thanks and glory to the Almighty God for making the national workshop a great success. She gave special gratitude to Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro Vice Chancellor, Planning Monitoring and Development for acting swiftly on the behalf of Pro Vice Chancellor Academics Affairs & Quality Assurance Prof.(Dr.) A.K.A Lawrence and readily accepting the invitation to preside not only the inaugural Programme but also for the valedictory session, He shared of the equal rights between Man and Women, Husband and Wife, and that “Empowered shared of the equal rights between Man and Women, Husband and Wife, and that “Empowered Women and empower society”. Dr.Razia Parvez Organizing Secretary of the workshop gave special thanks to Ms. Sofia Abraham , Ph.D SRF,Ms. Maneesha Misra, Ph. D Scholar and Swarnlata Ph. D Scholar for working day and night and making this workshop a great success. A note of appreciation was given to Dr. Syed Zafar Abbas Naqvi, Academic Coordinator (AAQA) and Nickhlesh Cutting Computer Operator (AAQA), SHUATS. Vote of thanks was given by Prof. Dr. Razia Parvez, Organizing Secretary- the backbone of the entire workshop. Two delegates Dr. Premlata Srivastava from KVk Balia and Nimisha Awasthi from KVK Kanpur shared their views regarding the workshop which were very positive and encouraging. After that distribution of certificate was done by the Chief Guest Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, Pro Vice Chancellor fallowed by Chief Guest address.The closing prayer was lead by Prof. Dr. Ranu Prasad Dean, Ethelind College of Home Science. The function was end up with the Valedictory Tea at KVK Training Hall of SHUATS.

(Memento and Certificate Distribution to the Scientist)

(Prof. Rev. Sarvjeet Herbert, shared his views of the equal rights between Man and Women, Husband and Wife, and that “Empowered Women and empower society”. At Valedictory session of the workshop)




Recommendations of the National Workshop cum Training on Drudgery:

The following recommendations were drawn on the basis of 18 Technical Sessions held in five days workshop.

  1. Farm equipments developed by different research institutes should be equally accessible to farmers/farm women.
  2. Fitness parameters should be specific and feasible for that particular sections of farm women.
  3. To conduct activities like front line demonstration and on farm trails based on Drudgery Assessment and combating Drudgery for farm women, it is necessary to ensure availability of drudgery assessing / measuring tools/ equipments to all the KVKS from ATARI, and then ongoing training workshops can be effective.
  4. Increasing trends in agriculture is Feminism of Agriculture Sector, so the need of the hour is to focus on developing more and more women friendly agriculture tools especially small tools.
  5. Local artisans should be encouraged and financially supported by government so that they can get such equipments prepared.
  6. Minimum two machines named Pedal Paddy thresher and Aonla (amla) pricking machines should be provided to each KVK’s.
  7. Women Mechanization should be encourage for Heavy and Medium machinery apart from light tools and equipments.
  8. Inclusive transformative agriculture policy should aim at gender specific intervention to raise productivity of small farm holdings, to integrate women as active agents in rural transformation and to engage men and women in extension service with gender expertise.
  9. The guidelines for tasks involved in agricultural work over the total work shift in the different environmental conditions for providing better working conditions in order to minimize the possible fatigue of workers.
  10. Ergonomically sound technology kit should be prepared for women workers which will include information such as women friendly equipments and tools to be used to reduce their drudgeries in household, farm and allied activities.
  11. The information kit should consist of the details of ergonomically sound equipments and tools along with their cost and source to be used for performing household, farm and allied activities.
  12. The technology kit will be made available to the rural women development agencies for creating awareness among rural women regarding usefulness of these improved equipments to reduce drudgeries in work, enhanced work efficiency and thus good quality of life of rural women and their families.
  13. Work Rest Cycle should be prepared for most drudgery prone farm activities.

The above recommendations should be sent to ICAR and all the respective KVKs.

Reading Materials

All the reading materials on the various topics covered by the eminent speakers in five days Workshop cum Training on Drudgery Assessment was provided in the form of manual named ‘Consumer Ergonomics’ and all the Power Point Presentation were given in pen drives of all the delegates.


Press Release

Daily press release was prepared and used to appear daily in many Hindi and English News Papers (News clipping enclosed).




On Farm Testing

To identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming system.


Front Line Demonstrations

To establish its production potential on the farmers fields.


Trainings

To conduct trainingprogrammesof farmers, rural youths and extension workers to update their knowledge and skills in modern agricultural knowledge.


Facilities of KVK

  • KVK having specialized man-power who are in direct touch with the farmers and the livestock keepers.
  • KVK Have played effective role of technology backstopping to extension personal and in turn to farmers so as to enable them to augment their productivity and profitability.
  • KVK is giving greater emphasis in the current agricultural scenario for accelerating growth in agriculture, farm innovations for agripreneurs.

  • Thrust Area

  • Need of latest high yielding varieties according to agro climatic zone.
  • Improvement in productivity per unit area.
  • Popularizing bio fertilizer & maintenance of bio productivity.
  • Management tech for old orchards of guava.
  • Introduce high yielding & hybrid varieties of vegetables.
  • Use of Zero TillFerti. Seed Drill in case of rice-wheat cropping system.
  • Introduce potato planter, raised-bed planter &rotavator.
  • Infertility management in cows & buffalos.
  • Formation of SHG’s for farmers & farm women.
  • Need for conducting employment generating trainings.

  • Total land with KVK (in ha) 65.66 acres/26.26 ha approx.

    S.N. Item Area (ha)
    1 Under Buildings 2.0 Approx
    2 Under Demonstration Units 0.1
    3 Under Crops 20.26
    4 Orchard / Agro-Forestry 3.0
    5 Others