District Profile

Geography Layout

District Allahabad is situated in Southern Eastern part of the State Uttar Pradesh. It lies between the parallels of 24º 47’ north latitude and 81º 19’ east longitudes. Allahabad is bounded on the eastern side by district Sant Ravi Das Nagar (Varanasi). North side by district Jaunpur and Pratapgarh, western side by district Kausambhi (Earlier Allahabad) and Chitrakoot.South-Eastern side by district Mirzapur and on the southern side by district Rewa of Madhya Pradesh state. From north to south the breath is 109 kms and from east to west length is 117 kms. The total geographical area of the district is 5437.2 (as per 1991 data) sq.kms. The rivers ‘Ganga and Jamuna divides Allahabad in three distinct regions namely, Gangapaar, Jamunapaar and Dwaba. The Gangapaar and Jamunapaar and the City comprise of Allahabad district whereas Dwaba area comes under district Kaushambhi. All the three areas were earlier one district Allahabad and it was only recently Kaushambhi got the status of a new political district.

Political Setup

Allahabad district consists of 7 Tehsils, 20 Blocks, 218 Nyaya Panchayats having 1425 Gram Panchayats and 2799 populated plus 275 unpopulated villages.

S.N. Tehsils Blocks
1 Handia Handia, Dhanupur, Pratapur, Saidabad
2 Phulpur Phulpur, Bahadurpur, Bahariya
3 Soraon Soraon, Holagarh, Mau-Aima, Kaurihaar
4 Karchana Karchana, Kaundhiyara, Chaka
5 Bara Jasra, Shankargarh
6 Meja Meja, Manda, Urwa, Koraon
7 Chail

Socio-Economic Status

According to 2001 census, the population of Allahabad district is 4936105 out of which the rural population is 3729320. The population of Scheduled Caste is 1065097, which is 21.6 % of the total population. Urban population is 1206785.

Land Utilisation Pattern In The Districts Of Allahabad (000 Ha)

S.N. Particulars Allahabad
1 Total Reported Area 557.012
2 Gross Irrigated Area 392.142
3 Forest 21.454
4 Cultivable Waste 13.335
5 Current Fallow 76.546
6 Other Fallow 25.347
7 Usar and uncultivable land 16.585
8 Under non-agriculture use 78.094
9 Pasture land 1.638
10 Orchards, tree & bushes 9.656
11 Net sown area 314.356
12 Area sown more than once 184.682
13 Gross sown area 499.018
14 Area sown in
Kharif 229.439
Rabi 259.296
Zaid 10.283
15 Cropping intensity (%) 158.3

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming System/Enterprise
1 Agriculture
In case of Agriculture crops Paddy has the largest share followed by Bajra, Arhar, Urd&Moong in declining order during the Kharif season.
In Rabi, Wheat is pre dominant followed by pulses and oilseed. Among oilseed crops, Mustard has very less area under pure farming and is grown mainly as a mixed crop. Linseed dominates the oilseed scenario of the district and is mainly grown in Jamunapar area. In case of pulses gram has largest area followed by Pea and Lentil (Masoor). There is fairly good acreage under Barely.
2 Horticulture
In case of Horticultural vegetable crops, the cultivation of Potato, Brinjal, Tomato, Ladies finger and the Pea are the main crops. Guava is the main horticulture fruit crop grown largely in Gangapar area. Watermelon (Hirminji) and Melon (Kharbuja) are largely grown in riverbed area of Gangapar.
There is a vast scope for development of Horticulture as an enterprise.
3 Animal Husbandry
Both big and medium farmers prefer to keep one or two live stocks. Overall Buffalo is preferred over cow but the Dwaba and Jamunapar area has preference for now. In Gangapar area both Cow and Buffalo are important. Some Scheduled Caste family are involved in pig keeping. Goat and Sheep are preferred in low-lying area. Poultry, Duckery, Fish Farming is catching up.

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

District Allahabad is situated in the South-Eastern part of the State Uttar Pradesh. It lies between the parallels of 240 77’ and 25047’ north latitudes and 810 19’ and 820 21’ east longitudes.

Allahabad district has such tropical climate that the average maximum temperature ranges between 430C - 470C which may go as high as 480C during peak summers. The minimum average temperature is 2-40C which may fall as low as 1.50C during peak winter months (Dec.-Jan.) The average rainfall of the district is 960 mm and the monsoon season is spread between July-September.

Topographically, the district of Allahabad belongs to the central plane zone of Uttar Pradesh. The district Allahabad may be divided in four different agro-ecological situations AES i.e:

  1. Black and Coarse-grey land.
  2. Jamuna khaddar and Alluvial.
  3. Ganga Low land and Sodic.
  4. Ganga plain.

The northern part of Allahabad district popularly known as Gangapar provides rich loam soil for cultivation of food grains, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables. The Southern part of Allahabad district also known as Yamunapar is partly rocky and somewhat agriculturally backward. Out of total cultivated land 64% of the area is irrigated (Canal, Tube well Govt. & Public) and 36% is rainfed.

Soil Type

AES Situation Soil Type Area in % / x000 ha Block
AES 1 Black & coarse gray land (Jamunapar) Clay loam to sandy loam 48% / 230.1 Shankargarh, Koraon, Manda, Meja
AES 2 Jamuna Khaddar & alluvial ((Jamunapar) Loam & Sandy Loam 10% / 51.1 Jasra, Karchhana, Chaka, Kaundhiara
AES 3 Ganag low land & sodic (Gangapar) Sandy loam to sodic 15% / 92 Pratappur, Handia, Phulpur
AES 4 Ganga plane (Gangapar) Sandy loam & clay 27% / 138.1 Phulpur, Saidabad, Soraon

Area Production & Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (q/ha)
1 Paddy 171824 370562 21.57
2 Wheat 211378 469115 22.19
3 Barley 5074 5074 1025
4 Jowar 5854 8246 14.09
5 Bajra 27752 30868 11.12
6 Urd 3587 1713 4.78
7 Moong 3409 3409 4.51
8 Masoor 7348 6209 8.45
9 Gram 15308 14543 9.50
10 Pea 4364 4290 9.83
11 Arhar 16646 18075 10.86
12 Lahi/mustard 1040 810 7.79
13 Alsi 859 288 3.35
14 Til 550 124 2.26
15 Sunflower
16 Soybean
17 Sugarcane 736 33202 451.12
18 Potato 11777 230111 195.39
19 Maize 116 1720 14.45